An International Symposium

International Olympic Academy, Ancient Olympia, Greece, 16-18 September

jointly organized by

The University of Patras (GR, Mechanical Engineering Dept, Applied
Mechanics Lab
Washington University (USA), Machine Design Lab


The Society of Ancient Greek Technology (GR)

under the aegis of

The Ministry of Culture of Greece
The General Secretariat for Research and Technology of Greece
And The Technical Chamber of Greece

Sponsored by

The Hellenic Society of Composite Materials
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)


Co-Chairmen: Professor A. D. Dimarogonas, US, Professor S. A. Paipetis
and Professor Th. Tassios, GR


-----------International Scientific Committee:
1. Prof. M. Ceccarelli, I
2. Prof. S. S. Beitia, E
3. Prof. A. D. Dimarogonas, US
4. Prof. E. Filemon, HUN
5.  Dr S. Irfan Habib, India
6.  Prof. T. Koetsier, NL
7.  Dr Antti Laato. Finland.
8. Prof. R. MacLeod, AUS
9. Prof. P. G. Marinos, GR
10. Dr G. D. Muhly, GR
11. Prof. S. A. Paipetis, GR
12. Prof. Julian Popescu, RO
13. Prof. J. S. Rao, India
14. Prof. M. Shoham, Israel
15. Prof. Th. Tassios, GR

-----------Local Organizing Committee:
1. Prof. S. A. Paipetis, Univ. of Patras, GR
2. Prof. E. E. Gdoutos, Univ. of Thrace, GR
3. Dr D. Polyzos, Univ. of Patras, Asst. Prof., Univ. of Patras, GR
4. Dr V. Kostopoulos, Asst. Prof., Univ. of Patras, GR
5. Dr D. Saravanos, Asst. Prof., Univ. of Patras, GR.
6. Dr A. Carabelas, Univ. of Patras, GR

---------Symposium Secretary: Mrs A. Bossini

All correspondence etc. should be addressed to:
Professor S. A. Paipetis, Department of Mechanical Engineering and
Aeronautics, University of Patras, 260 01 Patras, Greece, tel. (+3061)
992172 & 997233, Fax +3061-992644, e-mail: paipetis@tech.mech.upatras.gr

--------Extraordinary Machines and Structures in Antiquity--------------
Despite the astonishing advances of modern science and technology, of
great interest remain many admirable structures scattered over the face
of the planet, majestic remnants of great cultures that have expired
centuries or even millennia ago. The Pyramids of Egypt, the Parthenon on
the Acropolis of Athens, the mediaeval cathedrals in central Europe are
typical examples. On the other hand, in several epic poems or in the
sacred writings of many of the world's religions one can find amazingly
clear and detailed descriptions of such extraordinary materials and
structures. Typical examples are the Bible with the first reference to
composite materials, Noah's Ark or King Solomon's Temple, while in
Homer's Iliad the first description of automated production devices,
robots and high- toughness laminated structures are most accurately
described along with their battle behaviour. Considering that no science
or technology is known to exist at the time, one may suspect that what
was thought of as mystical knowledge or even as acts of gods, was in
fact primitive or even fairly advanced elements of engineering of
unknown origin or at least worth to investigate. In view of the above,
an extraordinary structure can generally be defined as one constructed
(or described) at a time, when no supporting science or technology
existed. Therefore, it is interesting, through the appropriate analysis,
to draw conclusions on the design and manufacture tools existing at the
respective time, as well as the corresponding source of knowledge, and
this is the frame defining the scope of the present symposium.
Accordingly, the potential field of study for such structures could be
A. Real structures, including famous buildings or "civil engineering"
structures, mechanical devices, mechanisms or even "machinery" in the
broad sense, weaponry or military structures in general etc.
B. Structures described in epic poetry or in religious texts of all ages
and cultures.

------------Submission of papers
Only original works neither published nor submitted for publication
elsewhere will be accepted. Papers will be considered on the basis of an
extended summary of about 500 words. Full manuscripts of papers accepted
will be refereed before been included in the Proceedings. Both abstracts
and full papers should be submitted by e-mail or in 3.5" diskettes as
Microsoft Word 7 for Windows 95 files. On either occasions a hard copy
of the text along with clear line drawings and photographs must be sent
by mail.
-----------Language of the Symposium
The official language of the Symposium is English.
An effort will be made to have the Proceedings printed in advance and
distributed upon registration, provided that all manuscripts will be
available before the end of July 1999. If not, a book of abstracts will
be distributed at the Symposium and the volume of the Proceedings will
be posted to the participants within 2 months after the Symposium.
------------Registration fees
The registration fees, which include the Symposium Folder with all
relevant material, the volume of Proceedings (and the book of abstracts,
if there will be one), participation to the Opening Reception and a
guided tour of the archeological site and the Museums, are as follows,
if paid before 15 April 1999.
* Participants............................ 150 EUROs
* Students................................... 50 EUROs
* Accompanying persons ............ 50 EUROs
Fees for participants paid after 15 April 1999 will be increased by 50
EUROs. In case of cancellation the fees will be refunded only if the
Organizers are notified before 1 June 1999. Fees can be paid by cheque
or postal order or the respective amount transmitted directly to Alpha
Credit Bank, 2 New National Road Branch, Patras, Greece, A/C no 014 534
400 231 0001050. Cheques should drawn in favour of Prof. S. A. Paipetis,
for AncTech Symp
* 10 April 1999     Submission of abstracts
* 30 April 1999      Approval of abstracts
* 30 July  1999      Submission of full papers
The Symposium will take place at the premises of the International
Olympic Academy, 2 kms away from the Archeological site of Ancient
Olympia and its Museums.
Reservations must be made by fax, mail or e-mail by submitting the the
attached participation form.
-------------The Symposium venue
Ancient Olympia lies 20 km east of Pyrgos, the capital of Heleia, in a
valley between the wooded Mount Cronion, the Alfios River and its
tributary Cladeos. It is the place where the Olympic Games originated in
776 BC to Honor Zeus «Father of God and Men.» It is also the place where
the idea of the common cultural heritage among the hellenic City States
was further strengthened. During the Games, the Olympic Truce was in
force, while all hostilities were suspended. These panhellenic contests
were held every four years, attracting athletes from all city-states of
Hellas. The kotinos, the victor's prize, was just a wreath made of wild
olive tree branch. The City States, whose athletes were the victors at
the Olympic games, used to tear down part of the city walls, to indicate
that, with such brave men, no defence walls were needed. The Olympic
Games came to an end in 393 AD by a prohibitive edict of the Roman
Emperor Theodossios I. Fifteen centuries later, in 1896, they were
revived in the place whre were they were born, in Greece, by the French
historian and educator Pierre de Coubertin. The International Olympic
Academy (IOA), the Symposium venue, was founded to protect and expand
the heritage of the Olympic Idea and to develop the Olympic Movement. It
is an educational institution, aiming at the training people devoted to
the principles and ideals of Olympism, who will then disseminate these
in their respective countries as ambassadors. It is also encouraging a
dialogue promoting international friendship, understanding and
cooperation in accordance to the ideals and principles laid down by the
Ancient Greeks. 
 The weather in late September is still warm in Greece.
The temperature during the day may rise up to 20oC, but it may be cool
and humid at night, especially in this area, thus a kind of light jacket
or sweater could be necessary. 
----------Travel to Olympia
 Olympia is accessible either from Athens, if
travelling by air, or from Patras, if travelling by car. a. Travel
through Patras: Olympia lies 125 km south west of Patras, the capital of
Achaia in north western Peloponnese, which is directly accessible by car
ferry from Italy on a daily basis, e.g. from Brindisi and Bari (travel
time approx. XXX hours) or from Ancona (travel time approx. 24 hours by
superfast ferries).  The Patras coach station lies in the harbour area,
and there are regular connections to Pyrgos and Olympia. b. Travel
through Athens (by air): From Ellinikon, the Athens airport there are
many airline or public transport buses to downtown Athens, as well as to
the main Coach Station, connected by regular departures to all major
cities. Depending on participation, on both routes, special coaches may
be arranged to wait for the participants and transfer them directly to
the Conference site. Further details will be given later.  
 A number of comfortable but not luxurious
rooms are available at IOA at very competitive prices, while hotels of
all classes are available at the town of Ancient Olympia. The following
hotels have rooms available for the participants and the rates (B/B) are
as follows (in Drs):
Hotel (class)                  Single room        
Doubleroom             Triple room
Amalia (A)                          27.200      
38.600                        45.600
Europa (A)                          23.300      
30.100                        43.400
Andonios (A)                      22.500
Olympic Village (B Sup.)    5.000              
23.000                        26.400
Ilis (B)                                12.500  
18.000                         22.500
New Olympia (B)                      14.500
19.800                         24.900
Neda  (C)                            10.800     
14.800                         20.250
IOA(*)                               9.000              10.000

(*) At IOA Full Board will be available at an extra 7.000 Drs per day.
* Hotel rooms can be booked through the travel agent, while rooms at IOA
through the Symposium organizers.
* Current parity is 1 USD = 282 Drs.
--------------Social Programme
The Social Programme will include an Opening Reception, the Symposium
Dinner and a guided tour of the archeological site and the Museums. A
ladies programme will be announced in due time, including daily trips to
places of interest in the area, such as the Place of Nestor in Pylos,
---------------Travel Agent
Our Travel Agent is: Charisma Travel, 27065 Ancient Olympia, Greece,
tel: +30-624-22 811 & 22 653, fax: +30-624-22 812.
Andrew Dimarogonas, 
W. Palm Professor of Mechanical Design.
Campus Box 1185, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
Tel: 314-935-6091, FAX: 314-935-4014, http://www.me.wustl.edu/add/