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Backhouse, James (1794 - 1869)

Archival/Heritage SourcesPublished Sources
Naturalist and Quaker missionary
Born: 8 July 1794  Durham, England.  Died: 20 January 1869  York, England.
James Backhouse was a quaker missionary who visited Australia in 1832-8, making observations of Australian flora and fauna as well as writing about Australian society.

Career Highlights
Apprenticed to a chemist in Darlington and trained for two years in a Norwich nursery. Gave Kew two manuscript volumes of botanical recollections in Australia. Commemorated by Backhousia, a genus of a myrtaceous shrub.

1816 - 1831Nursery owner in York, UK
1832Arrived in Australia (Hobart)
1832 - 1834Reported on penal settlements and Aboriginal establishments in Tasmania
1835 - 1837Collected harbarium for Kew Gardens (England?)
1835 - 1837Reported on penal settlements and Aboriginal establishments in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Moreton Bay
1837 - 1838Visited Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth promoting temperance and Aboriginal protection committees
1838 - 1841Missionary work in Africa
1841 - Nursary Manager in York, UK
1843A Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies published in London


Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields.Prepared by: McCarthy, G.J.
Created: 20 October 1993
Modified: 29 January 2007

Published by The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre on ASAPWeb, 1994 - 2007
Originally published 1994-1999 by Australian Science Archives Project, 1999-2006 by the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
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Prepared by: Acknowledgements
Updated: 26 February 2007

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