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Sutherland, William (1859 - 1911)

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Physicist and Physical chemist
Born: 24 August 1859  Glasgow, Scotland.  Died: 5 October 1911  Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
William Sutherland was a writer for The Age in Melbourne and a private researcher who investigated the viscosity of gases and liquids, molecular attraction, valency, ionization, ionic velocities, atomic sizes and an electronic theory of matter.

Career Highlights
Born Glasgow, Scotland, 4 August 1859. Died Melbourne, 5 October 1911. Educated University of Melbourne (BA 1979, MA 1883) and University College London (BSc 1881). Private coaching; examiner, University of Melbourne; acting lecturer in natural philosophy, University of Melbourne 1888, acting professor 1899; regular contributor to the Melbourne Age from 1901, especially on scientific topics. Undertook theoretical investigations, chiefly in the field of molecular dynamics; the results were published as 78 scientific papers, mostly in major international journals. His model, the Sutherland model, assumed that the particles of which matter is composed exert an attractive force on each other (now known as the 'Sutherland potential') in addition to gravity. He also studied the dependence of the viscosity of a gas on its temperature, developing a formula which included a constant for any particular gas that is now called Sutherland's Constant.
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Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields.Prepared by: McCarthy, G.J.
Created: 20 October 1993
Modified: 18 October 2006

Published by The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre on ASAPWeb, 1994 - 2007
Originally published 1994-1999 by Australian Science Archives Project, 1999-2006 by the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
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Updated: 26 February 2007

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