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Busby, John (1765 - 1857)

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Civil engineer and Mineral surveyor
Born: 24 March 1765  Alnwick, Northumberland, England.  Died: 10 May 1857  Hunter River, Australia.
John Busby supervised coal-mining at Newcastle and devised a water supply for Sydney. The tunnel scheme from Hyde Park, completed in 1837, became known as Busby's Bore.

Career Highlights
Born Alnwick, Northumberland, England, 24 March 1765. Died Hunter River, 10 May 1857. Coal miner; mine manager; mineral surveyor and engineer in England, Scotland and Ireland; arrived Sydney 1824 to take up duty 'in the management of the Coal Mines, in supplying the Town of Sydney with water, and in objects of a similar nature'; surveyed for water and coal in Hobart Town while the ship to Sydney was docked there for several weeks during the voyage; reported on coal deposits near Newcastle for the Australian Agricultural Company 1826; constructed Sydney's first regular water supply 1827-37, with help from his youngest son William. Before coming to Australia he won two awards in Scotland, one for inventing machinery for ascertaining the nature of rock strata by boring, the other for a method of sinking through quicksands, clay and gravel beds. Father of George and James Busby (qq.v.)
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Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields.Prepared by: McCarthy, G.J.
Created: 20 October 1993
Modified: 25 July 2006

Published by The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre on ASAPWeb, 1994 - 2007
Originally published 1994-1999 by Australian Science Archives Project, 1999-2006 by the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre
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Updated: 26 February 2007

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